The Nutrient Profile of Popular Dog Food Ingredients

We’ve put together a useful table below for those making up their own raw dog food. It will be particularly useful to people formulating diets for dogs suffering kidney disease and pancreatitis.

For kidney disease in dogs, the key is to watch phosphorus contents. Low is good, high is bad. There are two columns with phosphorus in it, just use the one on the far right (phosphorus per 100Kcal of food item). Items below 150mg of phosphorus per 100kcal of food item is recommended. I’ve coloured them green (low phosphorus, below 100mg), orange (medium phosphorus, 100-150mg) and red (high phosphorus, 150mg+)

These figures should in no way be taken as an absolute. They are very approximate figures taken from the USDA Nutrient Database which will vary by cuts and sources of meat, if wild or farmed, how it’s handled etc. This database is a fabulous resource for looking up the nutrient content of practically any food item on the planet. I have included the most popular food items for dogs below. Values for protein, fat and carbs are grams per 100 grams. Values for Calcium and Phosphorus are milligrams per 100 grams.

I have included values for cooked meat also, largely out of interest to show you the difference cooking can make but also as I know some of you out there are cooking for your dogs. A point of note though, for anyone preparing food for dogs with kidney disease or pancreatitis, I urge you to feed the meat ingredients raw. Feeding them cooked meat is part of the cause of the issue in the first place.

FOOD PROTEIN FAT CARBS KCAL CALCIUM PHOS PHOS/ 100 KCAL
100g of MEAT, RAW (i.e. with water)
Ground Beef (20% fat) 17.2 20 0 254 18 158 62
Ground Beef (10% fat) 20 10 0 176 12 184 105
Beef Tripe, Green 13.3 12.8 1.7 212 100 130 61
Chicken, Dark Meat and Skin 16.7 18.3 0 237 11 136 57
Chicken (breast meat) 21.2 1.2 0 114 5 210 184
Ground Turkey (7% fat) 18.7 8.3 0 150 21 193 129
Ground Pork (28% fat) 14.9 28 0.1 314 16 132 42
Ground Lamb 16.6 23.4 0 282 16 157 56
Ground duck meat and skin 11.5 39 0 404 11 139 34
Fish, white 17.7 1 0 85 14 201 236
Fish, oily (eg Sardine) 22 10 0 158 57 236 149
Salmon 22.3 4.7 0 131 9 257 196
100g of MEAT, COOKED (i.e. with water removed)
Ground Beef (20% fat) 24 15.9 0 246 26 205 83
Ground Beef (10% fat) 25.2 10.7 0 204 15 216 106
Ground Turkey (7% fat) 27.1 11.6 0 213 31 259 122
Chicken, Dark Meat and Skin 26 15.8 0 253 15 168 66
Chicken Breast (skinless) 31 3.6 0 165 15 228 138
Ground Pork (28% fat) 22.6 31.4 0 377 20 181 48
Ground Lamb, broiled 24.8 19.7 0 283 22 201 71
Ground duck meat and skin 19 28 0 337 11 156 46
Beef Heart 28.5 4.7 0.2 165 5 254 154
100g of ORGAN, RAW (i.e. with water)
Beef Heart 17.7 3.9 0.1 112 7 212 189
Beef Liver 20.4 3.6 3.9 135 5 387 287
Beef Kidney 17.4 3.1 0.3 99 13 257 260
Chicken Liver 16.9 4.8 0.7 119 8 297 250
Chicken Hearts 15.6 9.3 0.7 153 12 177 116
Turkey Liver 18.3 5.5 0 128 20 279 218
Turkey Hearts 16.7 7.4 0.4 140 18 183 131
Duck Liver 18.7 4.6 3.5 136 11 269 198
100g of RAW MEATY BONES
Chicken Necks (with skin) 12.7 16.7 0 267 700-840 420-870 242
Chicken Necks (w/o skin) 15.6 11.1 0 152 890-1580 500-1415 630
Chicken Backs (with skin) 15.4 15.8 0 208 740-1300 480-970 349
Chicken Backs (w/o skin) 16.1 7.2 0 137 1500 840 613
Chicken Wings (with skin) 17.5 15.3 0 244 620-1150 430-660 223
Chicken Legs (with skin) 17.2 11.4 0 187 770-1190 540-690 329
Whole Chicken (with meat) 13.8 12.3 0 192 723 456 237
Turkey Necks (no skin) 17 7.9 0 116 1190-2590 670-1390 888
Rabbit (whole, skinless) 17.8 5.8 0 125 500-800 370-690 424
100g of TINNED FISH (i.e. with water removed)
Sardines (canned in tomato, drained) 18.6 9.3 0.7 166 214 326 196
Tuna (canned in water, drained) 23.6 3 0 128 14 217 170
Pink Salmon (canned, drained) 23.1 4.8 0 136 277 365 268
Mackerel (canned, drained) 23.2 6.3 0 156 241 301 193
100g COOKED VEGETABLES
Sweet Potatoes (boiled w/o skin) 1.4 0.1 17.7 76 27 32 42
Sweet Potatoes (baked, no skin) 2 0.2 20.7 90 38 54 60
Potatoes (boiled) 1.7 0.1 20 86 8 40 47
Winter Squash (Acorn, Butternut, etc) 0.9 0.4 8.9 37 22 19 51
Canned Pumpkin (plain) 1.1 0.3 8.2 34 26 35 103
Broccoli (boiled, drained) 2.4 0.4 7.2 35 40 67 191
Spinach (steamed, drained) 3 0.3 3.8 23 136 56 243
Carrots (boiled, drained) 0.8 0.2 8.2 35 30 30 86
Peas (boiled, drained) 3.8 0.2 7.1 42 42 55 131
100g of DAIRY
Whole Milk Yogurt 3.5 3.3 4.7 61 121 95 156
Whole Milk Kefir 3.3 3.5 2.2 61 120 100 164
Cottage Cheese 12.5 4.5 2.7 103 60 132 128
EGGS
2 large (100 grams approx.) 12.6 9.9 0.8 147 53 191 130